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The Battle of Marston Moor by Sealed Knot

Event, York, North Yorkshire

Sir Thomas Glemham's and the Sealed Knot invited guests to witness one of the largest military re-enactments in Britain. The Sealed Knot acted out the Battle of Marston Moor at York Racecourse over the weekend in front of thousands of enthusiastic spectators.

Also in attendance were celebrity guests Patrick McGuinness and Rory McGrath along with around 3000 Sealed Knot members in various guises.

The Sealed Knot helps bring history alive with their re-enactment of famous events in British history. Each year they host numerous re-enactments throughout the U.K. The event which took place on the Knavesmire over the weekend is thought to be the biggest such re-enactment to take place in the U.K. this year.

The Battle of Marston Moor was fought on 2 July 1644, during the First English Civil War of 1642 - 1646. The combined forces of the Scottish Covenanters under the Earl of Leven and the English Parliamentarians under Lord Fairfax and the Earl of Manchester defeated the Royalists commanded by Prince Rupert of the Rhine and the Marquis of Newcastle.

During the summer of 1644, the Covenanters and Parliamentarians had been besieging York which was defended by the Marquis of Newcastle. Prince Rupert had gathered an army which marched through the northwest of England to relieve the city, gathering fresh recruits on the way. The convergence of these forces made the ensuing battle the largest of the Civil Wars.

On 1 July, Rupert outmanoeuvred the Scots and Parliamentarians to relieve the city. The next day, he sought battle with them even though he was outnumbered. He was dissuaded from attacking immediately and during the day both sides gathered their full strength on Marston Moor, an expanse of wild meadow west of York. Towards evening, the Scots and Parliamentarians themselves launched a surprise attack. After a confused fight lasting two hours, Parliamentarian cavalry under Oliver Cromwell routed the Royalist cavalry from the field and annihilated the remaining Royalist infantry.

After their defeat the Royalists effectively abandoned the north of England. Not only did they lose much of the manpower from the counties which were strongly Royalist in sympathy, and access to the continent of Europe through the ports on the North Sea coast, but they were then restricted to Wales and the southwest of England. Although they partially retrieved their fortunes with victories later in the year in the south of England, the loss of the north was to prove a fatal handicap the next year, when they tried unsuccessfully to link up with the Scottish Royalists under Montrose.

The Sealed Knot was founded by Brigadier Peter Young D.S.O., M.C., F.H., and a group of friends following a party in Cavalier costume held in the summer of 1968. The idea of forming an "army" of the period was floated and quickly gained wide interest so much that within two years the membership had topped the one thousand mark and a second, Parliamentarian, Army was formed within the Society.

In June 1971 the Society was incorporated as a Limited Company and in 1974 was granted official recognition as a registered Charity.

Report: 1 September 2009

Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Marston_Moor

Sealed Knot: http://www.thesealedknot.org.uk/

 

 

 

 

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